Engineering Careers

Engineers work in a number of diverse fields, reaching every corner of society: engineers are involved in the design, construction, maintenance and testing of everything from aircraft to computer equipment, buildings and public facilities, roads, railroads, airports, bridges, dams, power plants, and water and sewage systems, as well as instruments used in the medical profession.

Employment Opportunities

Engineering professionals find work in a variety of occupations, including:

  • Civil engineering
  • Electrical and electronics engineering
  • Environmental engineering
  • Biomedical engineering
  • Industrial engineering
  • Mechanical engineering
  • Nuclear engineering


Engineers draw upon a wide range of capabilities, including:

  • Attention to detail
  • Ability to solve problems creatively
  • Strong knowledge of mathematics and science
  • Teamwork
  • Ability to communicate with people in many different fields

Industry Spotlight

Engineers typically enter the occupation with a bachelor’s degree in an engineering specialty, but some basic research positions may require a graduate degree. In addition to the standard engineering degree, many colleges offer 2-year or 4-year degree programs in engineering technology. Continuing education to keep current with rapidly changing technology is important for engineers.

- Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2008